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endorsement definition in banking: What is Endorsements? Definition of Endorsements, Endorsements Meaning


Please help us keep BankersOnline FREE to all banking professionals. Support our advertisers and sponsors by clicking through to learn more about their products and services. There is no difference between a bill or note endorsed in blank and one payable to bearer. It simply consists of the signature of the endorser on the endorsement. Insurance companies create endorsements to supply options to insureds to add protection or improve coverage limits, but insurers may also problem particular endorsements to restrict or limit coverage. Insurance endorsements are utilized in property and casualty insurance.

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  • For example, one does not need to endorse commercial paper if it is bearer paper.
  • Bank endorsements are guarantees from a bank that ensure it will uphold the commitments of its client.
  • E.g. “Pay Z if he returns from America.” Thus, Z will receive the payment only if he returns from America.

A financial institution endorsement is a guarantee by a financial institution confirming that it’ll uphold a verify or other negotiable instrument, similar to a banker’s acceptance, from certainly one of its clients. This assures any third-get together that the financial institution will back the obligations of the creator of the instrument within the occasion the creator can’t make fee. The complete policy wording or contract is not affected, only the desired new phrases, subsequently the endorsement becomes an add-on to the coverage and ought to be saved with the original doc. A bank endorsement is a bank’s authorization on a negotiable instrument. The instrument is generally created by the bank’s customer and is payable to the holder.


As famous above, bank endorsements accompany specific negotiable instruments. Negotiable instruments, together with payments of exchange, promissory notes, drafts, and certificates of deposit, symbolize cost guarantees to a specified person . Checks are widespread types of negotiable instruments however the commonest forms of bank endorsements are a banker’s acceptance, also called a time draft, and a letter of credit score. This signature is written before the check is transferred to the payee’s bank. For example, a “for deposit only” endorsement ensures that the payee’s bank must deposit the funds into the payee’s account.


An endorsement definition in banking may be a signature authorizing the legal transfer of a negotiable instrument between parties, or it can be an amendment to a contract or document, such as a life insurance policy or a driver’s license. A public declaration of support for a person, product, or service is also called an endorsement. There is course added by endorse to the particular person specified called the endorsee, of the instrument who now becomes its payee entitled to sue for the money due on the instrument.

If more than one person is listed as a payee on the check, then the endorsement requirements differ depending on how the names are written. (For example, if the check is written out to John Doe and Jane Doe, both people must sign the check.) If the check is written out to John Doe or Jane Doe, then only one signature is required. There are some different sorts which are established, however, not well known, which are given underneath. This type of endorsement relieves the endorser from all the liability against subsequent holders of the negotiable instrument. They are facultative, partial, conditional, restrictive, blank or general, special or full, and blank or general. It is an instrument from a bank that promises to pay the holder a specified amount at a specified date, usually between 30 to 180 days.

This is commonly seen when people give a check inside a wedding card. Check the pay-to line to make sure you’re endorsing the check correctly. In the U.S., one of the earliest sports celebrities/paid endorsers was Honus Wagner, National League Batting Champion in 1900, 1903, and 1904.

What are the 4 types of endorsements?

In a more general context, an endorsement is an act of saying or showing that you agree with or support something or someone; the endorser may or may not be compensated. For example, a WNBA basketball player may endorse a pair of Nike-brand shoes in a commercial. Or an actor might endorse a political candidate, appearing at campaign rallies or making speeches. This website is using a security service to protect itself from online attacks. There are several actions that could trigger this block including submitting a certain word or phrase, a SQL command or malformed data.

The importer would need to pay the bank back before the maturity date. Due to the perceived safety of banker’s acceptances, these instruments commonly facilitate international institutions to complete transactions; at times, banker’s acceptances can eliminate the need to extend credit. Common bank endorsements include banker’s acceptances and letters of credit.

A signature on the back of the check indicates that the transaction is complete and allows the transfer of money ordered by the check. An endorsement refers to a signature or an equivalent stamp that authorizes payment or a transfer of funds, as when an individual signs a check. In this case, the endorser places only their signature on the negotiable instrument and does not write the name of a party who will receive the payment. That said, one must note that this term’s meaning may not be the same. It can also refer to an amendment made to a document or contract, for example, an insurance endorsement.

An endorsement has different meanings, but most have to do with the concept of approval or authorization. Facultative Endorsement is an underwriting where the endorser defers some privilege to which he is entitled. For instance, the endorsee is subject to pull out of disrespect to the endorser, and typically inability to pull out will vindicate the endorser from his risk. In the following section, we are going to discuss each endorsement in detail.

If a cheque is payable to “Z” or order and “Z” merely signs on its back, such endorsement is known as an endorsement in blank. Riders can be additional documents added to your policy, or they can replace your previous policy documents. A partial endorsement is a type of endorsement in which purports to transfer to the endorsee a part only of the amount payable on the instrument. Such an endorsement does not operate as a negotiation of the instrument. Thus, an endorsement is signing a negotiable instrument for the purpose of negotiation. In accordance with the Act, the endorsee may act as an agent of the endorser to endorse the instrument to another person or to get sum on behalf of the endorser.

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In that case, the individual to whom it is payable must make sure to endorse the instrument before transferring it to another party. The endorsement may change the order paper to bearer paper and vice versa. The person making an endorsement is the endorser, and the individual to whom the endorser transfers the instrument is the endorsee. If there is no space to sign on the back of an instrument, the holder may sign on a piece of paper attached to it. Signature endorsements are of various types, such as blank, special, restrictive, and partial.


Thus, to give sign on or back side of bearer or ordered cheque for transferred is called Negotiation or endorsement of Cheques. If last endorsement on instrument is a blank endorsement, any holder may convert that bearer paper into order paper by writing „Pay to X“, above that blank endorsement. This endorsement is also known as an endorsement in full or direct endorsement. An insurance endorsement is a change or addition to an insurance contract that alters the terms or scope of the original policy.

Sales of Goods Act 1930 | Business Law

One type of bank endorsement is a banker’s acceptance, also known as a time draft. The time draft must be originated and accepted by the bank of the person creating the draft. The time draft acts as a written order that specifies whom to pay, how much, and what date. An authorized bank employee must then stamp the draft as “accepted” and sign it before the draft becomes the total liability of the bank. A letter of credit does not work on a time draft function like a banker’s acceptance.

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This arrangement allows the transfer of only a portion of the amount payable on an instrument to the endorsed. In this case, the endorser places their signature under such writing, which makes their liability due thereon depending upon the occurrence of a particular event. If an instrument is payable to two individuals, both must sign it.

For example, a signature authorizing the legal transfer of a negotiable instrument between parties is an endorsement. Endorsements can be amendments to contracts or documents such as life insurance policies or driver’s licenses. It is an instrument from a financial institution that promises to pay the holder a specified amount at a specified date, usually between 30 to 180 days. A company issues a banker’s acceptance, which a commercial bank guarantees. Certain paperwork are required before a financial institution guarantees a bankers acceptance. Bank endorsements are common in worldwide trade, where the business events are usually unknown to one one other.

A or entity may make a public declaration of support for a person, product, or service. Most commonly, such an endorsement occurs when a government official, an influential person, or an organization expresses their support for a political candidate. Insurance endorsements are amendments in the form of modifications–or additions–to the original policy. For example, a policy provision continuing monthly income to a beneficiary after the death of the insured is an example of an endorsement and is also known as a rider. Typically, this type of endorsement increases the policy premium due to the added benefits to the policyholder and beneficiary and the increased risk to the insurer.

There are many various kinds of letters of credit score, together with industrial letters of credit score, standby letters of credit, and revolving letters of credit score. For example, an American wine importing business may problem a banker’s acceptance with a date past when the South African wine circumstances are anticipated to be delivered. Processing time varies, however it is usually no various business days. However, if the amount of the check is greater than the funds in the verify writer’s account, the verify might bounce.